JDBC {RJDBC}R Documentation

JDBC engine

Description

JDBC creates a new DBI driver that can be used to start JDBC connections.

Usage

  JDBC (driverClass = "", classPath = "", identifier.quote = NA)

Arguments

driverClass

name of the Java class of the JDBC driver to load. If empty, it is assumed that corresponding JDBC drivers were loaded by other means.

classPath

class path that needs to be appended in order to load the desired JDBC driver. Usually it is the path to the JAR file containing the driver.

identifier.quote

character to use for quoting identifiers in automatically generated SQL statements or NA if the back-end doesn't support quoted identifiers. See details section below.

Details

JDBC function has two purposes. One is to initialize the Java VM and load a Java JDBC driver (not to be confused with the JDBCDriver R object which is actually a DBI driver). The second purpose is to create a proxy R object which can be used to a call dbConnect which actually creates a connection.

JDBC requires a JDBC driver for a database-backend to be loaded. Usually a JDBC driver is supplied in a Java Archive (jar) file. The path to such a file can be specified in classPath. The driver itself has a Java class name that is used to load the driver (for example the MySQL driver uses com.mysql.jdbc.Driver), this has to be specified in driverClass.

Due to the fact that JDBC can talk to a wide variety of databases, the SQL dialect understood by the database is not known in advance. Therefore the RJDBC implementation tries to adhere to the SQL92 standard, but not all databases are compliant. This affects mainly functions such as dbWriteTable that have to automatically generate SQL code. One major ability is the support for quoted identifiers. The SQL92 standard uses double-quotes, but many database engines either don't support it or use other character. The identifier.quote parameter allows you to set the proper quote character for the database used. For example MySQL would require identifier.quote="`". If set to NA, the ability to quote identifiers is disabled, which poses restrictions on the names that can be used for tables and fields. Other functionality is not affected.

As of RDJBC 0.2-2 JDBC-specific stored procedure calls starting with {call and {?= call are supported in the statements.

Value

Returns a JDBCDriver object that can be used in calls to dbConnect.

See Also

dbConnect

Examples

## Not run: 
drv <- JDBC("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver",
  "/etc/jdbc/mysql-connector-java-3.1.14-bin.jar", "`")
conn <- dbConnect(drv, "jdbc:mysql://localhost/test")
dbListTables(conn)
data(iris)
dbWriteTable(conn, "iris", iris)
dbGetQuery(conn, "select count(*) from iris")
d <- dbReadTable(conn, "iris")

## End(Not run)

[Package RJDBC version 0.2-6 Index]