CairoFonMatch {Cairo}R Documentation

Find installed fonts with a fontconfig pattern

Description

CairoFontMatch searches for fonts based on a fontconfig pattern.

Usage

CairoFontMatch(fontpattern="Helvetica",sort=FALSE,verbose=FALSE)

Arguments

fontpattern

character; a fontconfig pattern.

sort

logical; if 'FALSE', display only the best matching font for the pattern. If 'TRUE', display a sorted list of best matching fonts.

verbose

logical; if 'FALSE', display the family, style, and file property for the pattern. if 'TRUE', display the canonical font pattern for each match.

Details

This function displays a list of one or more fonts matching the supplied fontconfig pattern. sort='FALSE' displays the font that Cairo will use for the supplied pattern, while sort='TRUE' displays a sorted list of best matching fonts. The simplest fontconfig pattern matching all installed fonts is ":". Here's what CairoFontMatch(":") displays on this system:

1. family: "Bitstream Vera Sans", style: "Roman", file: "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/ttf-bitstream-vera/Vera.ttf"

verbose='FALSE' displays the font properties 'family', 'style', and 'file', while verbose='TRUE' will display the canonical font pattern, displaying all properties known for the font (output of CairoFontMatch(":",verbose=TRUE)):

1. family: "Bitstream Vera Sans", style: "Roman", file: "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/ttf-bitstream-vera/Vera.ttf"
   "Bitstream Vera Sans-12:familylang=en:style=Roman:stylelang=en:slant=0:weight=80:width=100:pixelsize=12.5:foundry=bitstream:hintstyle=3:hinting=True:verticallayout=False:autohint=False:globaladvance=True:index=0:outline=True:scalable=True:dpi=75:rgba=1:scale=1:fontversion=131072:fontformat=TrueType:embeddedbitmap=True:decorative=False"

A simple approach to selecting a font starts with calling CairoFontMatch(":",sort=TRUE) to list all available fonts. Next, the user will choose a font from the list and call CairoFontMatch("FamilyName:style=PreferredStyle",sort=TRUE) substituting "FamilyName" and "PreferredStyle" with the desired values. If only one font is found, then the user has found the fontconfig pattern that will select the desired font. Otherwise, the user will call CairoFontMatch with verbose=TRUE to determine other properties to add to the pattern to attain the desired font, for instance the fontformat.

The following excerpt is from the fontconfig user's manual (http://fontconfig.org/) and better describes the fontconfig pattern definition:

"Fontconfig provides a textual representation for patterns that the library can both accept and generate. The representation is in three parts, first a list of family names, second a list of point sizes and finally a list of additional properties:

<families>-<point sizes>:<name1>=<values1>:<name2>=<values2>...

Values in a list are separated with commas. The name needn't include either families or point sizes; they can be elided. In addition, there are symbolic constants that simultaneously indicate both a name and a value. Here are some examples:

Font Pattern                    Meaning
----------------------------------------------------------
Times-12                        12 point Times Roman
Times-12:bold                   12 point Times Bold
Courier:italic                  Courier Italic in the default size
Monospace:matrix=1 .1 0 1       The users preferred monospace font
                                with artificial obliquing

The '\', '-', ':' and ',' characters in family names must be preceeded by a '\' character to avoid having them misinterpreted. Similarly, values containing '\', '=', '\_', ':' and ',' must also have them preceeded by a '\' character. The '\' characters are stripped out of the family name and values as the font name is read."

Known issues

See Also

CairoFonts, Cairo


[Package Cairo version 1.5-9 Index]